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Home > Nagasaki Customs > History of Nagasaki Customs

History of Nagasaki Customs

During the isolation period, (1641-1858)the Port of Nagasaki was the only port open to foreign countries in Japan, so all goods and cultures that came from abroad were through DEJIMA Island in Nagasaki.
At first, the TOKUGAWA SHOGUNATE managed all trading though NAGASAKI-KAISHO and MINATO-KAISHO were controlled by NAGASAKI-BUGYO. When the ANSEI treaties of commerce were enacted in 1858, Nagasaki, Kanagawa, and Hakodate ports were opened to foreign countries. It was then the UNJYO-SHO was established in Nagasaki, managing the collection of taxes and inspection of cargoes connected with foreign trade.

1571 Trade begins with Portugal.
1636 DEJIMA-island made by DEJIMA-merchants.
1698 NAGASAKI-KAISHO eatablished.
1859 Nagasaki-port opened to trade (along with Kanagawa and Hakodate).MINATO-KAISHO established.
1863 MINATO-KAISHO changed the name to UNJYO-SHO.
1873 Nagasaki UNJYO-SHO renamed Nagasaki Customs.
1892 Customs flag created.
Customs flag
The Customs flag is made of the three colors, each with their own symbolization as follows:
Blue : sea and sky
White: land
Red : Customs as a connecting point
1909 Moji Customs becomes independent of Nagasaki Customs.
1923 Ferry between Japan and China enters service in Nagasaki Port.
1943 Marine transportation bureau absorbs Customs.
1945 Picture:Former building of Nagasaki Customs
Atomic bomb dropped. Former building of Nagasaki Customs suffers heavy damage.
8th U.S. Marine Corps takes over the Customs building.
1946 Resumption of Japan Customs (Nagasaki Customs reopened as a branch of Moji Customs.)
1953 Nagasaki Customs becomes independent of Moji Customs.(Sasebo, Miike, Misumi, Kagoshima)
1953 AMAMI islands returned to Japan.
1969 Picture:Nagasaki Customs
Present Nagasaki Customs building completed.
1996 Toll-free telephone number against smuggling established.